The following projects illustrate the range of work typically undertaken by Bancroft Heritage Services:
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Fishpool Street, St Albans
A heritage impact assessment was prepared in support of a planning application for extensions to a property in Fishpool Street, St Albans. This Grade II-listed house, comprising two storeys under a tiled roof, was constructed as a timber-framed small Wealden house c.1500, and was encased in brick c.1800. A rear extension was added in the 19th century. Although the property lies outside the walls of the Roman city and its Iron Age predecessor, it is located close to the Colchester Gate, within an area where extra-mural settlement and burials are recorded. During the Saxon period it lay close to the settlement at Kingsbury: in the medieval period Fishpool Street was one of the main thoroughfares of St Albans, and evidence of occupation and industrial activity has been recorded close by. By the 17th century the street was fully developed from the town centre as far as St Michael’s Church, and still contains many buildings of this period.
Vicarage Road, Stony Stratford
Archaeological monitoring was undertaken during redevelopment of a site in Vicarage Road, Stony Stratford. The site is located within the historic core of the medieval town, and had the potential to reveal heritage assets of medieval and later date. Observation of ground reduction and the excavation of footing pits and trenches revealed limestone footings beneath many of the walls of the 19th-century brick buildings on the site, suggesting a possible earlier phase of stone buildings. No archaeological deposits or artefacts were noted.
Station Road, Winslow
A historic building survey was undertaken of buildings in Station Road, in advance of demolition and redevelopment. The house was constructed in the 1870s, following the opening of the Bletchley-Oxford railway, and the construction of Station Road. As built it was a typical Victorian villa, with patterned brickwork, stone detailing, and elaborate brick chimney stacks externally, and bespoke joinery internally, all typical of the period. Between c.1880 and 1899 the house was extended to provide additional space for its occupants and their household staff. In the late 20th century further alterations were undertaken, initially to accommodate a veterinary practice, and finally to provide facilities for an elderly and infirm resident.
Boston Lodge Works, Gwynedd
Boston Lodge on the Ffestiniog Railway in North Wales is the oldest surviving example in the world of a locomotive works still in daily use. The buildings, which mostly date from the 19th century, are Grade II listed, and retain many of their historic features. A programme of historic building survey and assessment has been undertaken to inform the preparation of a detailed conservation statement for the site, and proposals for the refurbishment and conversion of some of the older buildings as a visitor centre for the works.